A new paper released by Researchers at the University of Washington spelled out several privacy and security vulnerabilities of the RFID tags embedded within Enhanced Driver’s License’s (EDL) and U.S. Passport Cards. The researchers found that the RFID tags in these documents can be remotely copied from as far away as 50 meters away (162 ft.). Even if EDL cardholders have their card within a protective foil sleeve provided by the Washington State Department of Licensing, the unique identification number on the RFID still can be read from up to two feet away.
They also found that a malicious intruder can permanently disable the RFID tag within an Enhanced Driver’s License, without the cardholder ever knowing. This will invalidate the enhanced driver’s license.